ESO 3: Crime scene!

Video about vocabulary of crime

Criminals Vocab

Most countries have laws (official rules set by the government). Together, these laws are called "the Law". When people disobey the Law, we say that they "break the law", and we call such people "law breakers" or "criminals". Breaking the law is a "crime".
This criminal (noun)does this...The crime (noun)The action (verb)
accomplicehelps another person to commit a crimeaiding and abettingto aid and abet
arsonistsets fire to other people's property illegallyarsonto commit arson
assassinkills people for political reasons, or in return for paymentassassinationto assassinate
bigamistmarries more than one person at the same timebigamyto commit bigamy
burglarbreaks in to buildings to stealburglaryto burgle
deserteris a member of the armed forces who leaves without permissiondesertionto desert
drug dealerbuys and sells illegal drugsdrug dealingto deal in drugs
forgermakes fake money or documentsforgeryto forge
gangsteris a member of a violent criminal gang (group)gangsterism-
hijackertakes control of a vehicle (plane, ship etc) by force and diverts ithijackingto hijack
hooliganis a violent young troublemakerhooliganism-
kidnappertakes people away by force and demands money to free themkidnappingto kidnap
muggerattacks and robs people in a public placemuggingto mug
murdererdeliberately kills another personmurderto murder
offenderis anybody who breaks the lawcommitting an offenceto offend
pickpocketsteals money etc from other people's pocketspickpocketingto pickpocket
robbersteals money etc, using force or the threat of forcerobberyto rob
shopliftersteals goods from a shop while pretending to be a customershopliftingto shoplift
smugglermoves goods illegally into or out of a country without paying taxsmugglingto smuggle
spysecretly gets information about another countryspyingto spy
industrial spysecretly gets information about a companyindustrial spyingto spy
stowawayhides on a plane or ship to travel secretly and freestowing awayto stow away
terroristuses violence for political reasonsterrorismto commit terrorism
thiefsteals property from other people (without using violence)theftto thieve
traitorbetrays his country to another countrytreacheryto betray
vandaldeliberately destroys or damages public propertyvandalismto vandalize

Crime and punishment:

Questions from law breakers or suspected criminals

  • Why did you pull me over?
  • Have I done something wrong?
  • Is this illegal?
  • What are my rights?
  • Can I call a lawyer?
  • Where are you taking me?
  • Can I make a phone call?

Questions police may ask a suspected criminal

  • Are you carrying any illegal drugs?
  • Do you have a weapon?
  • Does this belong to you?
  • Whose car is this?
  • Where were you at eight last night?

Informing someone of laws and police procedures

  • You are under arrest.
  • Put your hands on your head.
  • I am taking you to the police station.
  • Please get in the police car.
  • You will have to pay a fine for this.
  • I will give you a warning this time.
  • I'm going to write you a ticket.
  • We'll tow your car to the station.
  • Smoking in restaurants is illegal in this country.
  • It is against the law to do drugs in public.

Types of crime

abduction/kidnappingtaking a person to a secret location using force
armed robberyusing a weapon to steal
arsonsetting fire to a place on purpose
assaulthurting another person physically
attempted murdertrying to kill someone (but failing)
breaking and entering
going into another person's home or business with force
child abuseinjuring a child on purpose
domestic violencephysical assault that occur within the home
drug traffickingtrading illegal drugs
drunk drivingdriving after having too much alcohol
fraudlying or cheating for business or monetary purposes
hijackingholding people in transit hostage (usually on a plane)
murder/homicidetaking someone's life through violence
shopliftingstealing merchandise from a store
smugglingbringing products into a country secretly and illegally
speedingdriving beyond the speed limit
terrorismacts of crime against a group (political/religious) or another country
tortureextremely cruel and unfair treatment (often towards prisoners)
vandalismdamaging public or private property (for example with spray paint)
white collar crimebreaking the law in business

Types of punishment

(example offence)
traffic ticket
(speeding, parking)
leaves marks on driving record/involves paying a fine
license suspension
(drunk driving)
driving rights are removed for a certain period of time
(hunting out of season)
pay money as punishment for minor/petty crime
house arrest
(a young offender who is waiting to go to court)
remain in one's home for a certain period of time
community service
(a youth that steals a car for the first time)
do volunteer work such as teaching children about crime or cleaning up garbage
jail time
(man who assaults his wife)
spend a certain amount of months or years locked away from society
life in prison
(a woman who commits homicide)
spend the rest of one's life in prison with no chance of going back into society


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