It's Xmas time and a new year is about to start: 2013!
Christmas Tree wallpapers
1) Listening. ESO3: "Merry Christmas everyone!" Listen to this song and get the right answers!
ESO4: Last year we listened to this song when we watched the film ove Actually. Let's see how much you remember!

Did you notice that it's summertime in Australia and New Zealand for Xmas? :) Well, let's learn more about the UK and the USA this time...

2) Reading: ESO3: Learn about Xmas in the UK:
ESO4: Learn about Xmas traditions in the USA: Now have a look to this poster and prepare a set of five questions to ask to another group. The one who answers more questions correctly... wins!

3) Speaking: What are the differences between the Christmas time in that country and yours? Do you have another significant celebration instead of Christmas? Which one? When? What do you usually do?
Hogmanay Edinburgh 500x375 Hogmanay Edinburgh
Hogmanay in Edinburgh, Scotland (New Year's Eve)

4) Games. Keep practising!
ESO3: We are in Scotland at the moment, and New Year's celebrations are world famous there with their Hogmanay. Check this link and games
ESO4: Many people make resolutions for the New Year.. what are yours?

5) QUIZZ.  New Year's celebrations are special... and different around the world (even in different dates!). Learn about these curious facts and play! When they celebrate the New Year in China? And in Vietnam? And in Iran? More in

EXTRA! Why don't we create an animated Xmas eCard in English to share with our family and friends online? Check this link:

ESO1: Merry Christmas!

Merry Christmas! Here you have a version of White Christmas by Lady Gaga, with a fill in the gaps exercise... go for it!

2) Match these special days with the corresponding dates:

1. Christmas Day                     a. 24 December
2. Boxing Day                          b. 25 December
3. Christmas Eve                      c. 26 December
4. New Year                            d. 1 January

In Spain we also celebrate the following ones:

5. Christmas Lottery ("La Grossa/El Gordo")       e. 6 January
6. Holy Innocent's Day                                        f.  28 December
7. The Three Wise Men bring us presents            g.  22 December

3) Speaking: What festivity is the most special in your country? When? What happens in Catalonia on 24th December with the Caga Tió? Do you know any Christmas carol in your languages?

4) Recycling:
Can you complete the day numbers with th, st, nd, rd? For example:
We do not go to school on the 23rd of December.

5) Keep practising vocabulary with these games!:

 EXTRA! Let's make Xmas (=Christmas) cards! Get some ideas here:


ESO1: Sports!

We start up a new unit playing some sports! Which one is your favourite one? Do you play any sport during the break? And after school? And during holidays? Do you support any team?

Let's listen and repeat this vocabulary. Which sports use a ball? Which don't?

Organize the sports together with the verbs they go with! PLAY - GO - DO
E.g. play football, go jogging, do judo.



ESO3: Caledonia... that is, Scotland.

Amy Macdonald is a Scottish singer who is having a lot of success at the moment. She started her career some years ago, and she became famous in 2007 with her debut album, This Is the Life (2007) and its fourth single, "This Is the Life". The single charted at number one in six different countries worldwide. Let's listen to her version of Caledonia.

Caledonia is the Latin name given by the Romans to the land in today's Scotland north of their province of Britannia, beyond the frontier of their empire. Modern use is as a romantic or poetic name for Scotland as a whole.


"I don't know if you can see
The changes that have come over me
In these last few days I've been afraid
That I might drift away
So I've been telling old stories, singing songs
That make me think about where I came from
And that's the reason why I seem
So far away today

Oh, but let me tell you that I love you
That I think about you all the time
Caledonia you're calling me
And now I'm going home
If I should become a stranger
You know that it would make me more than sad
Caledonia's been everything
I've ever had"

1. Who gave this name, "Caledonia",  to Scotland? In what language is it written? [x2]
2. What's the name of the instrument playing at the end of the song? [x1]
3, Turn the seven underlined verbs into the simple past. [x7]

ESO4: Ireland, the Emerald Island!

Fáilte go hÉirinn! Welcome to ireland (in Irish). We carry on with our articular trip to the Emerald Island. This is one of its nicknames because it's soooo green! I am particularly keen on Irish music so get ready to start up every lesson with a piece of Irish music, either traditional Celtic songs or famous pop ones! Let's start up the journey with "Stars", by The Cranberries. Isn't it green?
LOOK!: What instruments can you identify? 

By the way, I went to their concert in Barcelona last month. Did you go to any concert last year?

The stars are bright tonight
and I am walking nowhere
i guess i will be alright
desire gets you nowhere
And you are always right
and my, you are so perfect
Take you as you are
i'll have you as you are
i'll take you as you are
I love you just the way you are
i'll have you just the way you are
i'll take you just the way you are
does anyone love the way they are?
The stars are bright tonight
a distance is between us
and i will be okay
the worst i've ever seen us
Still i have my weaknesses
still i have my strengths
and still i have my ugliness
but i..
I love you just the way you are
i'll have you just the way you are
i'll take you just the way you are
does anyone love the way they are? (x2)
Star, star...
1. Whats the mistake with the personal pronoun (1st person singular)?
2. Can you discriminate regular from irregular verbs?
3. Turn the verb tenses into the Past Simple. Example: "The stars were bright tonight..." 
4. Who sings? How does she feel? Where are they? When was the videoclip shot?


ESO4: Welcome Unit. Cyprus!

We start the academic year in one of the most attractive summer destinations in Europe, the island of Cyprus, on the East of the Mediterranean Sea. We'll revise vocabulary and grammar from other years, recycle our knowledge of basic question words and listen to one of the most famous Cypriot singers at the moment: Ivi Adamou, Eurovision contestant for this country in 2012. You'll even interview her! Enjoy it!

ESO4: Unit 1 (2012-13). London Fashion.

Welcome to the trendy city of London. Walking throughout the capital of England, we'll visit some of its monuments along the Thames River and we'll go shopping to posh malls such as Harrods and to street markets like Camden Market. You will also discover the history of the Punks: they usually wear scruffy clothes and have dyed hair, tattoos and piercings. Then, you will have to describe your favourite celebrities: are they trendy or old-fashioned? Do they dress elegantly or with smart-casual clothes? Finally... why don't we organize a fashion show? Practise your catwalking and look for accessories just in case ;)


ESO3: Learning to learn (L2L)-Mind maps.

I would like to introduce you to a strategy to learn grammar or vocabulary (or actually whatever you want) in a creative way: mind maps! It's a way to organize what you have to learn creating threads or branches from a particular idea. You can have a chore illustration and from there add smaller branches. The more creative you are the better!

Ana Todorovic, from Serbia, proposes this mind map for the Present Smple: a big Superman to help us when the alarm sounds (third person singular: he/she/it adds -S, like the "S" for Superman). Can you identify other clues she uses?

Mind Map of Present Simple Tense

Your turn:
Study her example and try to make a mind map on your own for the Present Continuous (you can use the information below).


ESO3 & 4: Trick or treat? Halloween time!

Trick or treat? It's getting colder, windier... and spookier! How much do you know about Halloween? let's start with a basic vocabulary and then we'll listen to a song to learn new words.

DIVERSIFICATION: Listen and repeat (notice the spelling!)

 Now let's watch the videoclip. How many words can you identify?  

CONTEST! WORK IN TEAMS. Worksheet. Let's test your knowledge about Halloween! Answer the questionnaire about this festivity, read the curious facts, solve the mystery picture, unscramble the text message and find the Halloween-related vocabulary in English in the soup! PRIZE FOR THE FIRST TEAM WITH ALL CORRECT ANSWERS! ^_^

EXTRA: Search for the ESO4 entry from last year (2011). You will find a video about the origins of Halloween. Then you can test yourself! How much have you learnt? ENJOY HALLOWEEN!

More links:


Spooky spooky! It's Halloween time! And we are going to devote one session to talk about scary stories, learn about Halloween origins and traditions and even make our own Jack-o'-lantern masks and monsters to decorate our class!

1. SONG. Here we have a song to learn about the Jack-o'-lantern face.Look at the list:


a) What parts of the face do appear?
b) What parts are missing?


Pumpkin Pumpkin
Let's give you some eyes
Pumpkin Pumpkin
Let's give you a nose
Pumpkin Pumpkin
Let's give you a scary smile
And now you're a Jack O Lantern

The ghosts and the ghouls and the witches
They will run a mile
When they see my scary smile

Put me in the window
And I'll chase the night away
Because I am a Jack O Lantern
I am a Jack O Lantern
I am a Jack O Lantern

2. VOCABULARY: In the clip they mention three of the following words... which ones? What do the other words mean? Perhaps you can get some help from the picture on the left (from the film Transylvania, now in cinemas!)                     GHOSTS, VAMPIRES, BATS, SPIDERS, GHOULS, MONSTER, WITCHES, GOBLINS, WEREWOLF, MUMMY.    
3. CREATE! Let's make our Halloween masks in just 3 minutes! 

Materials: an orange sheet of paper, a pencil and scissors.
1. Fold the orange paper (A4 size) in two halves (landscape position)
2. Draw a half of the Jack-o'-lantern with the pencil. The middle of the pumpkin must be on the right!
3. Carefully, cut out the nose, the eye, and the mouth. Finally, cut the exterior shape.
Unfold it and... you've got your own Jack-o'-lantern mask! 
You are ready to ask for candies after saying "Trick or treat"! ^_^

EXTRA: If we have time... work in groups of three and create your own monster, mixing vampires' or werewolves' heads with witches' or bats' bodies and spiders' or goblins' feet... invent a name for your creatures and... decorate your classroom!

<<< What is this? A h- - - - - - house.
<<< Who does live in it?
<<< Where is it?

More links:
  • Decorations:
  • Videogames and more:
  • Make-up and customes for your Halloween party:
  • Cooking:


ESO1: Demonstratives and colours

Here you have a video with exercises to practise this/these/that/those and combined with the colours and classroom objects. Notice the pronunciation!

                         Near                                                   Far                         
-Singular          THIS blue pen                                     THAT blue pen
-Plural              THESE blue pens                                THOSE blue pens


If you want to learn more colours, try this game!

Silver, gold, light green, sky blue, salmon, turquoise, fuchsia, navy... did you know about these colours? You have three different levels.



ESO4: Present Tense contrast

The difference between the present simple and the present continuous might seem like climbing the Annapurna but it's not! Here you have some exercises to practise... one of them is a letter of a British expedition to this high mountain in Nepal.



ESO3: Present Continuous

Present continuous (or progessive)  is used for:

a)  Actions that are happening at this moment:
I am reading this sentence right now.
b) Actions that are happening during the present  period of time
I am studying 4th of ESO this year.
c) Arranged actions in the future:
I'm visiting my grandmother this evening.

EXTRA: It can also be used for habitual actions in a negative sense:

d) My little brother is always crying.... I can't stand it!

The affirmative structure uses the subject + verb TO BE as auxiliary + the main verb ending in -ING

I am writing
You are working
He/She/It is playing
We are learning
They are reading

We always negate the auxiliary:

I'm not reading
you aren't listening
he/she/it isn't working
we aren't playing
they aren't writing

The question structure is as follows (like wagons in a train):
(WH-) + Aux. BE + Subject + V-ing...?

Am I teaching?
Are you studying?
Is he/she/it swimming?
Are we playing?
Are they getting ready?

Remember the spelling rules for the -ing form!

Typical time expressions used with this tense are NOW, AT THE MOMENT, AT PRESENT...



ESO3: Present Simple exercises

Here you have some exercises for practising the Present Simple structures. Revise the chart:

I go
I don't go
Do I go ?
You go
You don't go
Do you go ?
He goes
He doesn't go
Does he go ?
She goes
She doesn't go
Does she go ?
It goes
It doesn't go
Does it go ?
We go
We don't go
Do we go ?
You go
You don't go
Do you go ?
They go
They don't go
Do they go ?

We usually find it with epressions such as: often - generally - usually - always - never
every day - every week - every month - every year - sometimes
Remember we use it for habitual actions, universal truths, and 'permanent' situations, for example:

a) I usually go to school by bus. (Habitual action)
b) Water boils at 100ºC. (Universal truth)
c) I live in London.

Structure: subject + verb (base form)

I play football.
You play tennis.
We study here.
They work there.

LOOK! The alarm sounds in the 3rd person singular:

Affirmative: He PLAYS football.
Negative: He DOESN'T play football.
Question: DOES he play football?

Notice that we in the negative, questions, or after modal verbs (can, must...) we don't use the -s at the end:

He doesn't plays.
He doesn't play.

She can plays tennis.
She can play tennis.




Let's revise question words to imrpove our basic comprehension in English. First, read the theory, and then do the exercises. Copy the sentences in exercises 1 and 2 on your notebook and the marks you get (%). Then, play the game and improve you skills!


Exercise 1:
Exercise 2:
Online exercise:


ESO3: Summer Homework



You are going to travel in time to the 20th century and live like a child in
a particular period of time. You have to prepare a dossier, with a cover
including your name and the title “TALES OF LONDON”. Include the following

1. DRAW! Change your ghost and describe it: colour, clothes, complements.
Print the screen or draw it.
2. READ! Choose one tale and read through it: Work, Blitz, Fog or Pop. Write
all your answers when you have an option to choose.
3. RESEARCH! Draw a timeline of the historical events you find. Paste
pictures and make a Word document with it.
4. WRITE! Imagine you are a child in the historical time you have choosen.
Write a composition (clothes you wear, games you play, subjects you
5. LISTEN! Find a song you like from the 20th century (e.g. 1970s, 1980s or 1990s), copy the
lyrics and make a fill in the gaps activity.

EXTRA: PLAY! You can play games in the FUN STUFF section.

Enjoy the summer!

PS. If you have problems accessing the Internet during summer, write a postcard from the place you are spending your holidays describing what are you doing there (include 150 words and a picture). Be creative... you can imagine your dream holidays too!


ESO2: Jobs and battleships

Play battleships with jobs here:

ESO3: Extreme sports

CONDITIONAL: I would = I’d; he would = he’d

Follow the examples:
M’agradaria practicar...                             I would like to practise skateboarding.
No m’agradaria practicar...                      I wouldn’t like to do snorkelling.



ESO4: The Future. Hopi prediction.

The Nine Signs of Hopi Prophecy (From White Feather, Bear Clan, Hopi Tribe)

The Fourth World shall end soon, and the Fifth World will begin. This the elders everywhere know. The Signs over many years have been fulfilled, and so few are left.

·         First Sign: We were told of the coming of the white-skinned men, like Pahana, but not living like Pahana -- men who took the land that was not theirs and who struck their enemies with thunder.

·         Second Sign: Our lands will see the coming of spinning wheels filled with voices.

·         Third Sign: A strange beast like a buffalo but with great long horns, will overrun the land in large numbers.

·         Fourth Sign: The land will be crossed by snakes of iron.

·         Fifth Sign: The land shall be criss-crossed by a giant spider's web.

·         Sixth Sign: The land shall be criss-crossed with rivers of stone that make pictures in the sun.

·         Seventh Sign: You will hear of the sea turning black, and many living things dying because of it.

·         Eighth Sign: You will see many youth, who wear their hair long like our people, come and join the tribal nations, to learn our ways and wisdom.

·         Ninth and Last Sign: You will hear of a dwelling-place in the heavens, above the earth, that shall fall with a great crash. It will appear as a blue star. Very soon after this, the ceremonies of the Hopi people will cease.

"These are the Signs that great destruction is coming. The world shall rock to and fro. The white man will battle against other people in other lands -- with those who possessed the first light of wisdom. There will be many columns of smoke and fire such as White Feather has seen the white man make in the deserts not far from here. Only those which come will cause disease and a great dying.

"Many of my people, understanding the prophecies, shall be safe. Those who stay and live in the places of my people also shall be safe. Then there will be much to rebuild. And soon -- very soon afterward -- Pahana will return. He shall bring with him the dawn of the Fifth World. He shall plant the seeds of his wisdom in their hearts. Even now the seeds are being planted. These shall smooth the way to the Emergence into the Fifth World.

"But White Feather shall not see it. I am old and dying. You -- perhaps will see it. In time, in time..."

1.       Each sign can correspond to one of the following, can you match them?
·         (Railroad tracks)
·         (Guns)
·         (Longhorn cattle)
·         (Oil spills)
·         (Covered wagons)
·         (Hippies)
·         (Concrete roads and their mirage-producing effects.)
·         (Power and telephone lines)

2. Can you imagine what the ninth sign refers to? Use the future for your own prediction.



ESO2: Paper Totem Poles

Here you have great ideas for our project on First Nations Totem Poles.

For the display we will draw the map the map where we can find the Firts Nations tribes that use to build and carve totem poles.

Each one of you will pick an animal and read about the spiritual value of it and legends attached to the animal.

We will draw the animal and the titem replica.

Then we will colour in our animal, cut it off and wrap it around an average toilet paper tube.

We can put one on top of another and recreate a legend or create our own!

Do you remember how many totem poles types can we find? (4 types)


ESO4: Distributive connectors


Study the examples:
  • Do you want coffee or tea?
  • I want either coffee or tea... I don't mind. (o...o...)
  • I want both coffee and tea. (tant... com...)
  • I don't want neither coffee nor tea. (ni... ni...)
  • I would like not only coffee and tea but also some milk.  (no tant sols... sinó també...)
Both Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie are actors (plural verb)
Neither Brad nor Angelia is from Spain (singular verb)

Your turn: exercises.


ESO4: Past Simple & Present Perfect: For, since and ago

For, since and ago: extra exercises.

ESO1: Hot and Cold... Sunny and rainy...

You change your mind
Like a girl changes clothes
Yeah you, PMS
Like a bitch
I would know
And you overthink
Always speak
I should know
That you're no good for me

Cause you're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in and you're out
You're up and you're down
You're wrong when it's right
It's black and it's white
We fight, we break up
We kiss, we make up
You, You don't really want to stay, no
You, but you don't really want to go-o
You're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in and you're out
You're up and you're down

We used to be
Just like twins
So in sync
The same energy
Now's a dead battery
Used to laugh bout nothing
Now your plain boring

I should know that
you're not gonna change

Cause you're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in and you're out
You're up and you're down
You're wrong when it's right
It's black and it's white
We fight, we break up
We kiss, we make up
You, You don't really want to stay, no
You, but you don't really want to go-o
You're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in and you're out
You're up and you're down

Someone call the doctor
Got a case of a love bi-polar
Stuck on a roller coaster
Can't get off this ride

You change your mind
Like a girl changes clothes

Cause you're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in then you're out
You're up then you're down
You're wrong when it's right
It's black and it's white
We fight, we break up
We kiss, we make up
You're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in then you're out
You're up then you're down
You're wrong when it's right
It's black and it's white
We fight, we break up
We kiss, we make up
(you) You don't really want to stay, no
(but you) But you don't really want to go-o
You're hot then you're cold
You're yes then you're no
You're in then you're out
You're up then you're down, down...

Talking about temperatures... here you have HOT AND COLD by Katie Perry...
And do you know what happens when it's SUNNY and RAINING at the same time? The next song will tell you ;)

ESO3: Comparisons

This Wednesday we are getting ready for the film we will watch about the Stolen Generation. Here you have the trailer.. and below your task (let's compare!)

Digital Text
•    Unit 3: THE INTERVIEW
•    Section 3. GRAMMAR.
o    3.1. Read explanation
o    3.1.1. Exercises on pages 13, 14 and 15.
•    Section 6. CULTURAL CORNER
o    6.1. READING: Australia and the Stolen Generation (page 23 i 24)
o    Look at the pictures and read the captions 24.
o    6.1.1. Comprehension: Answer the questions (True or False)

Finish your homework (4 exercises from the Australian dossier)